Conservation Psychology And Its Relationship With Other Fields Of Sciences
Conservation Psychology entered the world of science as a scientific study that aims to understand the relationship between human behavior and the natural environment. It is oriented towards environmental sustainability, which includes conservation of resources and ecosystems and quality life for humans and species.
On the other hand, some scientists found no clear distinction between Conservation Psychology and other fields of science, including Environmental Psychology. However, Saunders (2003) believes that the science of Conservation Psychology is a fresh approach to “create stronger connections between the natural and social sciences, between research and practice, and between psychology and the other social sciences”.
Saunders believes that Conservation Psychology can be better understood through these other fields of science.
There are many similarities between conservation psychology and conservation biology. Conservation biology was conceptualized to provide principles and tools for the preservation of biodiversity. Similar with conservation biology, conservation psychology also has a mission that is oriented toward environmental sustainability. Further, conservation biology also intersects with a variety of subdisciplines within psychology, including the social and environmental psychology about environmental attitudes, values, and behavior.
Environmental Psychology is the study of the interactions between humans and the environment. According to Psychology Today, it “explores how physical spaces influence the way we feel, think, and interact with the world”. However, EP differs with CP in various ways. CP emphasizes on relationships with the natural world, while EP focused on both the built and natural environments. CP also functions more like a super-field rather than a subdiscipline.
ThoughCo.defined Environment Sociology as a subfield that focuses on the relationships between society and the environment. “Thus, the types of interactions studied by environmental sociologists are between the physical environment, social organizations, and social behavior”. However, they are similar with CP in a sense that ES also studies about the relationship between group behavior and environmental conditions, and its effects on economic livelihood and public health of populations.
According to Britannica, Human Ecology studies about the interaction of organisms within their environments. “Human ecology views the biological, environmental, demographic, and technical conditions of the life of any people as an interrelated series of determinants of form and function in human cultures and social systems.” Human Ecology also includes other psychological variables.
Human Dimensions is another field of social research which studies about human interactions with the environment. “One of its goals is to apply concepts and empirical findings to the real world, contemporary problems of management”. This area exists in several forms and focuses, including wildlife, global warming, and natural resource management.
Beringer (2003) believes that Conservation Psychology is also related to Ecopsychology. Ecopsychology “explores humans’ psychological interdependence with the rest of nature and the implications for identity, health, and well-being”. However, CP and Ecopsychology differ in their position in the mainstream psychology. “Ecopsychology has sought to overcome the anthropocentric, reductionist, rationalist and scientist biases inherent in modern psychology (Kidner, 1994)”