Most Environmental Friendly Countries In The World
Every year, Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy conducts Environment Performance Index (EPI) to rank the top-performing countries based on their dedication to protecting human health and conserving vulnerable ecosystems. Last 2016, the top five countries are all from Europe.
Let us take a look at some of the greenest countries in the world.
Finland is the most forested country in Europe. It earned an EPI rating of 90.68. According to the EPI, Finland has committed to “achieve a carbon-neutral society that does not exceed nature’s carrying capacity by 2050.”
Finland also ranked 4th in health impacts; 8th in fisheries; 18th in air quality, water resources, and climate and energy; and 19th in biodiversity and habitat.
With an EPI rating of 90.51, Iceland came to the second. According to EPI, Iceland’s unique geology contributed to Iceland’s top performance in which 25% of its power is produced geothermally. Iceland’s power also comes from renewable sources, like wind, and hydro-electricity.
Iceland also ranked 3rd in health impacts and climate and energy; 4th in air quality; and rank 20 in water and sanitation.
Sweden scores 90.42 in EPI. Based on the data, Sweden almost earned a perfect score on drinking water quality and wastewater treatment. On the other hand, Sweden performed poorly in forests due to unsustainable logging practices.
Moreover, Sweden ranked 1st in Agriculture; 5th in Health Impacts; 10th in Climate and Energy; 12th in Water Resources; and 16th in Water and Sanitation.
Denmark came in fourth with 89.21 overall score. Denmark pledged approximately $1.9 billion USD to “Green Growth Initiative” which supports environmental protection and economic growth.
Denmark also ranked 12th in Water and Sanitation; 13th in Water Resources; 14th in Health Impacts; and 17th in Biodiversity and Habitat. However, Denmark ranked poorly in fish stocks at 128th in which they have to improve in their fisheries.
Claiming the fifth spot was Slovenia with 88.98 overall rating. Slovenia is among the global leaders for habitat protections. They received perfect scores for species protection and terrestrial protected areas.
They ranked first in Biodiversity and Habitat and 15th in Forests. On the other hand, Slovenia suffered in air quality. Common carbon airborne pollutants, including nitrogen dioxide and PM2.5, continue to affect Slovenia’s residents.
Also claiming the sixth to the tenth spots were Spain, Portugal, Estonia, Malta, and France, respectively.