Conservation Psychology entered the world of science as a scientific study that aims to understand the relationship between human behavior and the natural environment. It is oriented towards environmental sustainability, Continue Reading »
Global warming needs more attention than you think! If the Earth continues to warm, it will cause extreme devastation to all life forms. According to National Geographic, “the global average surface temperature has increased between 1.1 and 1.6 degrees Fahrenheit” since 1906. Evidence also shows that “2000 to 2009 was hotter than any other decade in at least the past 1,300 years”.
National Climate Assessment found out that human influence is the major cause of global warming, especially the carbon pollution.
Now, the effects of global warming are very noticeable. Here are some of the impacts caused by global warming:
Increase In Temperature
One of the most obvious effects of global warming is the increase in average temperatures. According to NASA, the hottest year so far since 1895 is 2016 in which the Earth’s surface temperature was “1.78 degrees F (0.99 degrees C) warmer than the average across the entire 20th century.”
Severe Weather Conditions
Global warming causes the unnatural weather patterns, as higher temperatures worsen many types of disasters, including stores, floods, and droughts. Some places may experience above normal cold and hot temperatures. According to a study, the current computer models of the atmosphere indicate that hurricanes are less frequent, however, are more intense.
According to research, North America, Europe, and Asia experience less snow cover between 1960 and 2015. Data shows that there is now 10% less permafrost. Further, global warming caused the dramatic reduction in Arctic sea ice. There are also 25 glaciers found in Montana’s Glacier National Park now, compared to 150 glaciers recorded before.
Higher Sea Levels
This is the direct effect of ice melt. According to World Meteorological Organization, the sea level rise by 0.12 inches per year. By 2100, our oceans will be one to four feet higher, which will be a threat to those living in low-lying areas.
More Acidic Ocean
As the levels of carbon dioxide increases, the oceans become more acidic, as it absorbs some of these carbon emissions. This will become a huge threat to marine animals, especially those creatures with calcium carbonate shells, including, crabs, mollusks, and corals.
More Polluted Air
As the temperature rises, the ground-level ozone increases. Ground-level ozone is the primary component of smog, which is produced by cars and factories. The worsening case of air pollution increases the risk of people being admitted due to asthma, lung cancer, and pulmonary diseases.
Apart from humans, the most affected by global warming are the wildlife species. According to National Academy of Sciences, many species of plants and animals are “moving their range northward or to higher altitudes as a result of warming temperatures.” Ice melts are also affecting the habitat of polar bears which are critically endangered. If global warming continues, one-half of Earth’s plants and one-third of animals will become extinct.
Higher Death Rates
Lastly, it will result in higher death rates among humans. As global warming affects wildlife and agriculture, it will impact the food security. Water and air pollution will also increase our risk to diseases like asthma, cancer, heart problems and more. According to American Medical Association, mosquito-borne diseases, including Malaria, dengue and Zika virus will become widespread.